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Creating Flow Objects and Transformers Using Annotations

Aug 19, 2010 18:26

George Hoffer

Sep 03, 2014 10:44

Mulesoft Current Mule Documentation

Creating Flow Objects and Transformers Using Annotations

Mulesoft Documentation Page

Contents

Creating Flow Objects and Transformers Using Annotations

 

Annotations now allow flow objects to be created using purely annotations on the flow component. Additionally, there is a new annotation for creating Mule transformers that makes it much easier to define and discover custom transformers.

Assumptions

This page assumes you are familiar with Java annotations (marked with an @). For a brief overview of annotations, see the  Java annotations tutorial .

 

Annotations for Flow Components

Annotations will especially help if you're using flow components, where annotations provide request injection capabilities. This means you can define what data to read from the incoming methods, similar to dependency injection for runtime.

When you have a request to your component, what kind of things can you inject? You can inject message payload, then transform that into an object. You can also inject message headers, attachments, perform actions on payload (using xpath annotation to describe the node you want to get from the incoming document). This reduces the amount of xml you need to create for your configuration, because you can now put it all in the component. This makes your configuration a lot cleaner.

Annotations for Transformers

Mule 3.0 also introduces a new annotation for creating Mule transformers that makes it much easier to define and discover custom transformers.

Until now, creating transports for Mule required a good deal of XML, even though the most important thing you wanted to see was probably where the data came from and where it went. The new annotation in Mule 3.0 removes the need for some of the xml config required to define a new transport.

When using Parameter annotations remember that every parameter needs to be annotation for the method invocation to work.

Annotations Reference

Annotation

Description

Type

Module

@ContainsTransformerMethods

Signals that a class contains transformer methods (Since Mule 3.0.1)

Method

annotations

@Transformer

Used to create a Mule transformer from a class method

Method

annotations

@Schedule

Schedules a method for execution using either a simple frequency or cron expression

Method

quartz

@IntegrationBean

A dependency injector annotation used to inject an iBean such as Facebook or Amazon S3 into your component

Field

ibeans

@MockIntegrationBean

Similar to the @IntegrationBean annotation, this one can be used in tests to create a mock instance of an ibean, which is good for testing the bean without actually making requests to the external service

Field

ibeans

@Lookup

Dependency injection annotation used to retrieve objects from the registry

Field,Parameter

annotations

@Payload

A parameter injection annotation that can be used on component entry points and transformer methods defined using the @Transformer annotation, this annotation controls how the current message payload is passed into a method by performing automatic transformation of the message payload to match the annotated parameter type

Parameter

annotations

@InboundHeaders

Used on component entry points and transformer methods, this annotation controls how the current message inbound headers are passed into a method. The annotation supports, Map, List, single headers and wildcards

Parameter

annotations

@OutboundHeaders

Used on component entry points and transformer methods, this annotation controls how the current message outbound headers are passed into a method. Users can write to this Map to attach headers to the outgoing message

Parameter

annotations

@InboundAttachments

Used on component entry points and transformer methods, this annotation controls how the current message inbound attachments are passed into a method. The annotation supports, Map, List, single headers and wildcards

Parameter

annotations

@OutboundAttachments

Used on component entry points and transformer methods, this annotation controls how the current message outbound attachments are passed into a method. Users can write to this Map to attach attachments to the outgoing message

Parameter

annotations

@Xpath

This annotation can be used to execute an Xpath expression on the message payload with the result being passed into the method.

Parameter

xml

@Groovy

This annotation can be used to execute an Groovy expression on the message payload with the result being passed into the method.

Parameter

scripting

@Mule

A parameter injection annotation that can be used on component entry points and transformer methods, this annotation can be used to execute a Mule Expression

Parameter

annotations

@Function

A parameter injection annotation expression on the message payload with the result being passed into the method, this annotation exposes a common set of functions used in Mule such as a counter, UUID generator, date and timestamps, etc

Parameter

annotations